What are the Symptoms of Pneumonia? | What are the causes of pneumonia?

What are the Symptoms of Pneumonia?Pneumonia – Everything That You Need to Know

Pneumonia is a common infection that affects the air sacs in one or both of the lungs. The inflammation causes repeated cough along with fever and chills. To some people, it could also be a cause of breathing table. The pneumonia is often considered as one of the most striking diseases, which makes this to be treated immediately. It is important to diagnose the source of pneumonia and also find out the right treatment. This guide below will help you to get a complete knowledge about the disease.

What are the Symptoms of Pneumonia?

Pneumonia could turn out to be highly infectious and if not diagnosed properly, it could turn out to be very dangerous for anyone. The symptoms of pneumonia cold are common, bacterial and others.

Common Symptoms of Pneumonia

The common symptoms of pneumonia could range from mild to severe depending on the effects. Here are some common symptoms

  • There could be a steep rise in your body temperature. You could even experience 105 F temperatures.
  • Greenish touch of cough is a common symptom. In some cases, it could be bloody as well.
  • You may experience sudden chills that may even shake your bones.
  • You can often feel very tired and also a stabbing chest pain could be eminently seen.
  • Some people may find a loss of appetite and it is a common symptom.
  • Sometimes, you may even experience loss of breath even when you move around in fresh air.
  • Fast breathing and heartbeat along with lips turning blue could be a common symptoms of the pneumonia.

Bacterial vs Viral Pneumonia Symptoms

Pneumonia can be because of multiple reasons and bacterial or viral pneumonia is one of the most common symptoms. The option of fungi and parasites could be one of the biggest causes.

  • Fever and dry cough are common symptoms. Sometimes, the cough could be green.
  • Some other symptoms are headache and weakness.
  • Another symptom is increasing fever which could start getting worse in a day or two.

Pneumonia Symptoms in Children

Pneumonia Symptoms and causes in Children/child

Pneumonia is also commonly seen in children who are under the age of 5 or below. Some of the common symptoms are common as below.

  • Children might face rapid breathing problems with lings being pressurized.
  • Some common symptoms may also include high fever in children. This temperature could be more than 103 F.
  • Another common symptom in children is skin and fingertips turning blue.

What are the Types of Pneumonia?

Having pneumonia in your body means that it is very important to know about it and also treat the disease. Here are the four major types of Pneumonia present which you can view.

  1. Bacterial Pneumonia

This type of pneumonia is caused by body bacteria and fit one of the most common types of diseases that you need to know about.

2. Viral Pneumonia

Viral pneumonia is another type of disease that occupies almost 33% of all pneumonia cases. It can be caused by viral infection.

3. Mycoplasma pneumonia

Another common type of pneumonia is the Mycoplasma pneumonia. It is also known as walking pneumonia.

4. Fungal pneumonia

Fungal pneumonia is another type that happens in soil or the ground. It happens from the large amounts of organisms after consumption.

What are the causes of pneumonia?

Pneumonia mainly happens when germs try to get into your lungs. This can cause an infection in your lungs or chest resulting in disease. It is important to have the proper diagnosis taken place which will allow you to get a complete treatment. Here are the complete causes of pneumonia.

Bacterial pneumonia

Bacterial pneumonia is one of the most common forms of disease which make this to be highly dangerous. The most common cause is Streptococcus pneumonia.

Viral pneumonia

Respiratory problems can be one of the primary causes of pneumonia. The viral infections that can affect the pneumonia are as follows:

  • influenza (flu)
  • SARS-CoV-2 infection
  • respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
  • coronavirus infection
  • rhinoviruses (common cold)
  • human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) infection
  • adenovirus infection
  • human metapneumovirus (HMPV) infection
  • chickenpox (varicella-zoster virus)
  • measles

Fungal pneumonia

The origin of fungal pneumonia basically happens from the germ in the soil. It could be another reason why you are getting affected by such a disease. Some of the examples of these causes are as follows:

  • Pneumocystis jirovecii
  • Histoplasmosis species
  • Cryptococcus species

Pneumonia World Stats and Table after Effects of Covid-19

Characteristics Total Deceased Survivors p-value
Patients 179 21 158
Age years 57.6±13.7 70.2±7.7 56.0±13.5 <0.001
Sex 0.642
Male 97 (54.2) 10 (47.6) 87 (55.1)
Female 82 (45.8) 11 (52.4) 71 (44.9)
Underlying diseases        
Hypertension 58 (32.4) 13 (61.9) 45 (28.5) 0.005
Tuberculosis 8 (4.5) 0 (0) 8 (5.1) 0.599
Peripheral  vascular disease 4 (2.2) 2 (9.5) 2 (1.3) 0.068
Chronic  hepatic or renal insufficiency 4 (2.2) 2 (9.5) 2 (1.3) 0.068
Malignancy 4 (2.2) 1 (4.8) 3 (1.9) 0.396
Fever 177 (98.9) 21 (100) 156 (98.7) 1
Headache 17 (9.5) 5 (23.8) 12 (7.6) 0.033
Haemoptysis 10 (5.6) 0 (0) 10 (6.3) 0.609
Fatigue 71 (39.7) 13 (61.9) 58 (36.7) 0.033
Gastrointestinal  symptoms 39 (21.8) 8 (38.1) 31 (19.6) 0.087
Myalgia 34 (19.0) 7 (33.3) 27 (17.1) 0.083
Systolic blood pressure mmHg NA 122.4±18.6
Diastolic blood pressure mmHg NA 77.9±10.0
Temperature °C       0.156
 <37.3 109 (60.9) 16 (76.2) 93 (58.9)
≥37.3 70 (39.1) 5 (23.8) 65 (41.1)
Respiratory rate breaths·min−1 20.0 (20.0–21.0) 20.0 (20.0–34.5) 20.0 (20.0–21.0) 0.016
Heart rate beats·min−1 86.0 (78.0–100) 94.0 (78.0–109.5) 85.5 (78.0–99.3) 0.15

Source: NIH

Key Pneumonia Stats and Facts

  1. Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death when it comes to children under the age of 5 years.
  2. More than 16% of all deaths under 5-years old children are because of pneumonia.
  3. Worldwide data indicates that there are almost 120 million pneumonia cases active in children under 5 years old.
  4. Over 10% of the total cases of pneumonia have proceeded onto the next stages that can be considered severe.
  5. Researches in the United States conclude that almost 1 million people seek care in a hospital for pneumonia.
  6. The country has a data rate of almost 50000 deaths every year that die from this disease.
  7. Half of the deaths from 18-64 in cases of pneumonia are because of pneumococcal pneumonia.

Risk Factors of Pneumonia

Pneumonia could commonly happen to anyone. But it is always important to have a look at the risks involving this disease. Here are some of the risk factors mentioned below.

Pneumonia could be highly prone to infants from birth to 2 years old because of the low development in immunity.

It is also common for people who are around the age 65 years or older than this.

The effect of pneumonia is widely seen in people who have a weak immunity system because of pregnancy and HIV.

If you have some chronic diseases affecting your body, there are high chances of catching pneumonia. Here are some of them.

  • asthma
  • kidney disease
  • cystic fibrosis
  • liver disease
  • diabetes
  • sickle cell disease
  • heart failure
  • COPD

There are also certain chances for catching this disease if you smoke excessively and your lungs are not functioning properly at this certain time.


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